What is Eid ul Fitr?
Eid ul Fitr celebrates the ending of Ramadan and the starting of the next lunar month (Shawwal).
The month of (Shawwal) is announced when a new moon has been seen or after the completion of 30 days of Ramadan if the moon is not sighted on the 29th day of fasting. The ending of Ramadan is celebrated with a big festival called Eid ul Fitr which means the festival of breaking fast. The festival of Eid-Ul-Fitr begins the very next day after Ramadan and lasts for 3 days.
Eid ul Fitr indicates the beginning of Shawwal. Many Muslims do fast for six days (the day after Eid ul Fitr) during the month of Shawwal because fasting during this time is equal to fasting throughout the entire year. Eid ul Fitr is a celebration to express gratefulness to Allah for the assistance and power he grants during Ramadan to help Muslims in practicing self-discipline and self-control.
When is Eid ul Fitr 2021?
Eid ul Fitr 2021 – Thursday, 13th May 2021
History of Eid Ul Fitr
In A.D. 610, the angel Gabriel came to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W.) and disclosed to him the first Quranic revelation on the night of Layla Tul Qadar which is one of the odd-digit nights during the last 10 days of Ramadan.
It is claimed that the holy command was disclosed to Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W.) in the holy month of Ramadan. This three-day long festival marks the ending of Ramadan and celebrated on the first day of Shawwal with happiness and pleasure. This is how the festival of Eid ul Fitr was originated.
The main purpose of this festivity is to encourage tranquility, promote the sense of companionship and bring back to the regular routine of life after a month of self-control and self-discipline.
How Muslims celebrate Eid?
In Muslim countries, Eid ul Fitr is a public holiday for the general public. On this day, educational institutes and the majority of businesses remained close. Muslims around the world start this day with Eid prayers named Salat Al Eid or Namaz E Eid Ul Fitr.
Muslims gather together in mosques or open places for Eid prayer in the morning. After prayer sermon started during which imam asks for mercy, grace, forgiveness, and tranquility for every human being around the globe.
Another important component of Eid celebrations is distributing money to the impoverished and needy people (called Zakat ul-Fitr), sending Eid wishes, and dining with families and friends.
At this festival, Muslims dressed in new attires, offer eid prayer in the mosque, exchange gifts, and spend quality time with relatives and friends. In some Muslim countries, the tradition of applying henna on hands is very common among women. In addition, on the occasion of eid, special attempts are made to gather money, food, clothes, and toys, then distribute these things to poor and needy people.
The term generally used by Muslims on this day is Eid Mubarak which means blessed Eid. Muslims greet each other by saying Eid Mubarak, which means blessed Eid. The answer to Eid Mubarak is Khair Mubarak, which means blessing on the individual who has greeted you.
Elders give money to the children as a gift which is known as Eidi. The day is not complete without an extensive food menu consisting of a wide variety of traditional dishes.
On this day, a special dessert is cooked named Sheer Korma, which is a noodle cooked with milk and sugar and drizzled with nuts and dates. This dessert is eaten on the morning of Eid as breakfast and served during the entire day to any visitor.